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Terry Bruner Collection (1172) Finding Aid
Item Number: 11720000000   (Click For More Item Information)

This collection consists of an Air America Club yearbook, 1984.

Added: 12 Jun 2003[Updated: 05 Apr 2011]
Richard Burns Collection (1174) Finding Aid
Item Number: 11740000000   (Click For More Item Information)

This collection consists of a books, a blood chit from 1967, posters, periodicals, Army Technical and Field Manuals, and a map. Also present in the collection are descriptions of the various combat insignias used by Special Forces units in Southeast Asia.

Added: 16 Jun 2003[Updated: 06 Mar 2007]
Richard Bossard Collection (1249) Finding Aid
Item Number: 12490000000   (Click For More Item Information)

This collection contains numerous slides created byu Bossard while in Vietnam. The slides were taken at various places throughout Vietnam including Pleiku, Dak To, Ban Me Thout, and some Montagnard villages, 1969.

Added: 02 Dec 2003[Updated: 16 Apr 2004]
Michael D. Bradbury Collection (1271) Finding Aid
Item Number: 12710000000   (Click For More Item Information)

In this collection are scanned and printed copies of photographs taken by Mike Bradbury in Vietnam, 1968.

Added: 03 Feb 2004[Updated: 06 Jan 2010]
Rucker C. Barrett Collection (1265) Finding Aid
Item Number: 12650000000   (Click For More Item Information)

The Rucker C. Barrett Collection includes slides (with captions) taken by Rucker Barrett at Cam Ranh Bay, 1967-1968, and audio letters home made by Barrett.

Added: 16 Feb 2004[Updated: 04 Dec 2018]
Richard Bustamente Collection (1289) Finding Aid
Item Number: 12890000000   (Click For More Item Information)

A narrative history of the USS Richard B. Anderson; a photograph of the USS Anderson (1962); photocopies of certificates indicating that Bustamente participated in nuclear tests in the Pacific (1962) and Operation Dominc (1962); menu for Christmas dinner aboard the USS Anderson (1963); and stationery all document Bustamente's service aboard the USS Anderson.

Added: 08 Mar 2004[Updated: 18 May 2004]
LT. COL Kaye H. Biggar Collection (856) Finding Aid
Item Number: 8560000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Twenty-one pages of printed photographs, including extensive captions and assorted copies of articles printed from the Internet document Kaye Biggar's military service in Vietnam. The photographs include images of Saigon in 1968, MACV Headquarters, US Agency for International Development office in Saigon, the Continental Palace Hotel, Saigon street activity before and after the Tet Offensive in 1968, Air America aircraft, and Hue. The photos are also saved onto two CD-Roms. The Internet printouts include pages from Biggar's personal web page.

Added: 12 Apr 2004[Updated: 29 Jul 2004]
Rodney Bucker Collection (1311) Finding Aid
Item Number: 13110000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Rodney Bucker wore this black Navy dress coat necktie during his naval career, undated.

Added: 14 Apr 2004[Updated: 21 Apr 2004]
Paul Bullock Collection (1327) Finding Aid
Item Number: 13270000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Five poems written by Paul Bullock document his experiences as a soldier in Vietnam. Bullock published the poems on his website, in 2004.

Added: 15 Apr 2004[Updated: 07 Apr 2005]
Ruth Binney Collection (1348) Finding Aid
Item Number: 13480000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Magazine articles and newspaper clippings related to Vietnam taken from The Times of London and London Times Magazine, 2004 and undated

Added: 14 Jun 2004[Updated: 20 Oct 2017]
Lady Borton Collection (1374) Finding Aid
Item Number: 13740000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Two Books: Dien Bien Phu: Rendezvous with History (A Memoir) by General Vo Nguyen Giap with assistance from Huu Mai and annotated translation by Lady Borton and Memoirs of War: The Central Highlands, A North Vietnamese Journal of Life on the Ho Chi Minh Trail 1965-1973 by Le Cao Dai.

Added: 12 Jul 2004[Updated: 30 Sep 2004]
Raymond E. Burnell Collection (1380) Finding Aid
Item Number: 13800000000   (Click For More Item Information)

1958 cruisebook for the USS Richard B. Anderson, 'The Albatross'

Added: 19 Jul 2004[Updated: 14 Jan 2005]
Allen Binckley Collection (1440) Finding Aid
Item Number: 14400000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Approximately two linear feet of a calendar, a pocket guide to Vietnam, over thirty books, DVDs, and a copy of The Heritage Foundation's newsletter, The Backgrounder, document various aspects of the Vietnam Conflict. All materials date from the post-war period.

Added: 30 Sep 2004[Updated: 29 Mar 2012]
Charles Brown Collection (1444) Finding Aid
Item Number: 14440000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Photocopies excerpts from newsletters and articles focusing primarily on World War II battleship restoration.

Added: 04 Oct 2004[Updated: 05 Sep 2006]
Robert A. Bratt Collection (1461) Finding Aid
Item Number: 14610000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Autographed copy of Four Stars on a Blue Shield describes Robert A. Bratt's tour of duty with Americal Division in Chu Lai from August 1968 to August 1969.

Added: 22 Oct 2004[Updated: 10 Oct 2017]
Richard Burke Collection (1442) Finding Aid
Item Number: 14420000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Military payment certificates and Singapore currency, a U.S. Navy belt buckle, a Western Union telegram, a photocopy of naval orders, and newspaper and newspaper clippings document Richard Burke's tour of duty aboard the USS Frank E. Evans and the Evans' subsequent collision with the Australian aircraft carrier Melbourne . The newspapers include a run from Pacific Stars and Stripes, June 4-8, 1969 purchased by Burke in the Philippines. There are also newspapers from the United States from June 1969 and May 27, 2001. All of the newspapers chronicle the Frank E. Evans ' collision. The Western Union telegram was sent by Burke to his parents on June 8, 1969 stating that he was safe following the collision.

Added: 10 Nov 2004[Updated: 16 Jul 2019]
Douglas M. Branson Collection
Item Number: 28650000000   (Click For More Item Information)
Added: 28 Jul 2017[Updated: 28 Jul 2017]
Joseph A. Smola Collection
Item Number: 29020000000   (Click For More Item Information)
Added: 25 Sep 2017[Updated: 25 Sep 2017]
Don Bishop Collection
Item Number: 29030000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Collection: Don Bishop Collection

Added: 28 Sep 2017[Updated: 28 Sep 2017]
Victor A. Bary Collection (2927) Finding Aid
Item Number: 29270000000   (Click For More Item Information)

The collection consists of a campaign poster from the 1967 Thieu/Ky election campaign that Victor Bary took from a wall in Bien Hoa as a souvenir during his service in Vietnam, as well as a translation of the poster provided by Bary.

Added: 04 Dec 2017[Updated: 04 Dec 2017]
Frederick R. Blakemore Collection (2968) Finding Aid
Item Number: 29680000000   (Click For More Item Information)

The collection consists of one bound and inscribed copy of "Vietnam: The Untold Miracle at CAP Echo 4" (Revised Edition) written by Fred Ray Blakemore. This bound manuscript details the experiences and informaton from individuals who participated in Task Force Miracle at the village of Lo Giang as part of the defense of the Da Nang Air Base.

From the cover: "The battle for Combined Action Platoon Echo 4 is virtually unknown in Vietnam War History. The ferocity at Lo Giang and Echo 4 was seldom matched. Operation - Task Force Miracle - February 8, 1968. Stories and information from individuals who were there."

Inscription: To: The Vietnam Archive Special Collections Library ; From: Fred Blakemore, Feb 8th, 2018

Added: 04 May 2018[Updated: 04 Jan 2019]
Marilyn Huepers Baierlipp (2457) Collection
Item Number: 24570000000   (Click For More Item Information)

The collection consists of approximately one linear foot of artifacts, newspapers, clippings, periodicals, military records, orientation to Vietnam information, Chieu Hoi leaflets, correspondence, posters, a map, and various ephemera documenting Marilyn Huepers Baierlipp's service as a U.S. Army nurse with the 27th Surgical Hospital at Chu Lai from 20 March 1969 to 13 March 1970.

Items of note include a large poster used by a boyfriend of Baierlipp to write her a letter in a series of installments. The installments were written between April 2 and April 6, 1969.

Added: 04 Jun 2018[Updated: 21 Jun 2018]
Cindi Becker-Lemkau Collection (2979) Finding Aid
Item Number: 29790000000   (Click For More Item Information)

The collection consists of five letters sent to Cindi Becker-Lemkau from Specialist 4 Robert J. Kendrick and Jerry Bennett in 1967.

Added: 05 Jun 2018[Updated: 05 Jun 2018]
Jerry L. Bell Collection (2989) Finding Aid
Item Number: 29890000000   (Click For More Item Information)

The collection consists of slides documenting Specialist Jerry Bell's service with the Medical Detachment at the 249th General Hospital at Camp Drake, Japan. The slides depict Jerry Bell with friends and fellow hospital staff, the transportation of wounded, patients at the hospital, and severe battle wounds. The materials are dated 1967-1968.

Added: 11 Jul 2018[Updated: 02 Aug 2018]
Bruce W. Benson Collection (3000) Finding Aid
Item Number: 30000000000   (Click For More Item Information)

The collection consists of slides documenting Bruce Benson's service as an aircraft fuel system repairman at Cam Ranh Bay AB in Vietnam from January 1966 to January 1967. The materials are dated 1966-1968.

Added: 17 Sep 2018[Updated: 24 Sep 2018]
Lee Beavers Collection (3007) Finding Aid
Item Number: 30070000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Approximately 1.5 linear feet of slides documenting Lee Beavers' service as a helicopter pilot in Vietnam. The materials are dated 1968-1969.

Added: 27 Sep 2018[Updated: 27 Sep 2018]
Joe E. Ballinger Collection (3012) Finding Aid
Item Number: 30120000000   (Click For More Item Information)

The collection consists of one copy of They Called It Naked Fanny and the transcript from a Vietnam War journal written by Major Bob Kline during his tour of Vietnam in 1969.

Added: 30 Oct 2018[Updated: 30 Oct 2018]
Clifford D. Brunsting Collection (3023) Finding Aid
Item Number: 30230000000   (Click For More Item Information)

The collection consists of periodicals accumulated by Clifford Brunsting. The materials are dated 1971-1972.

Added: 27 Nov 2018[Updated: 27 Nov 2018]
MJ Buffy Burris Collection (2589) Finding Aid
Item Number: 25890000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Color map of South Vietnam published by Mike Roberts Color Productions 1966.

Added: 06 Sep 2013[Updated: 06 Sep 2013]
David Brown Collection (2591) Finding Aid
Item Number: 25910000000   (Click For More Item Information)

One copy of 'The Use of Herbicides in War: A Political/Military Analysis' by David E. Brown. This document was published as a chapter in a book titled The Control of Chemical and Biological Weapons produced for the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Added: 10 Sep 2013[Updated: 10 Sep 2013]
Charles L. Byler Collection (2598) Finding Aid
Item Number: 25980000000   (Click For More Item Information)

One copy of the book 'Tempered Steel: The Three Wars of Triple Air Force Cross Winner Jim Kasler' by Perry D. Luckett and Charles L. Byler, 2005

Added: 09 Oct 2013[Updated: 09 Oct 2013]
J. R. Barth (2599) Finding Aid
Item Number: 25990000000   (Click For More Item Information)

One book

Collection: J. R. Barth

Added: 09 Oct 2013[Updated: 09 Oct 2013]
William L. Burr Collection (2383) Finding Aid
Item Number: 23830000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Approximately half a linear foot of slides document William L. Burr's service with the 1st Cavalry Division in An Khe from August 1965 to September 1966 and the 101st Airborne Division in Phu Bai from November 1968 to October 1969.

Added: 18 Feb 2014[Updated: 29 Aug 2014]
Gordon Bare Collection (2629) Finding Aid
Item Number: 26290000000   (Click For More Item Information)

One copy of a document titled 'Sadec Province: War and Rebuilding on the Mekong' written by Gordon Bare. This document is a history of Sadec province in the central Mekong Delta drawing on published and archival material, interviews with Army and State Department officers who served there, and the author's own experience as a Lieutenant in 1969 to 1970 engaged in both Phoenix and economic development advisory work. He traces the contemporaneous emergence of both the Viet Minh and the staunchly anti-Communist Hoa Hao sect of Buddhism in the 1940's and the decline of security through 1967 when the Viet Cong had a major base area in Duc Ton District and substantial control of most of the province after dark. The high attrition which the VC experienced in Tet 1968, the expansion of the Regional and Popular force militia, and a smarter counterinsurgency strategy by the U. S. and Saigon led to major increases in security in 1969 through 1970, which in turn permitted

Added: 28 Apr 2014[Updated: 28 Apr 2014]
Jim Brigham Collection (2616) Finding Aid
Item Number: 26160000000   (Click For More Item Information)

One AK-47 assault rifle with wooden grip, stock, and hand guard donated to the archive by the family of Lieutenant Colonel Jim Brigham. The hand guard is damaged and looks like it has been struck by a bullet. The rifle also has a detachable metal magazine. This gun was captured by Lieutenant Colonel Brigham after the battle of Ia Drang.

Added: 12 May 2014[Updated: 12 May 2014]
Ralph Bateman Collection (2548) Finding Aid
Item Number: 25480000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Less than a quarter of a linear foot of military documents, a service program, a military payment certificate, and other types of personal documents donated by Ralph Bateman. The personal documents include typed transcripts of the letters he sent his parents during his time in Vietnam as well as stories he wrote about his experiences during his service. The letters date from August 1969 to July 1970. Military documents include Daily Staff Journals for the 4th Battalion 21st Infantry intermittently from September 6, 1969 through July 2, 1970, Battalion After Action Reports for August 1969 through July 1970, and G2 summaries. The service program is from the 11th Infantry Brigade Chapel in Duc Pho from September 28, 1969.

Added: 11 Dec 2014[Updated: 11 Dec 2014]
Betty J. Bolander Collection (2654) Finding Aid
Item Number: 26540000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Less than a quarter linear foot of manuscripts, periodicals, photos and a newsletter, donated to the archive by Betty J. Bolander. This is a collection of introductory material relating the the history and culture of Vietnam collected by the donor while she was a USO-staff in country from December 1965 to January 1968.

Added: 03 Apr 2015[Updated: 16 Oct 2018]
Dale Brooks Collection (2153) Finding Aid
Item Number: 21530000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Copies of a poem titled 'The Wall.'

Added: 07 Nov 2008[Updated: 23 Jan 2009]
James A. Brosman Collection (2183) Finding Aid
Item Number: 21830000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Approximately two linear feet of slides, photographs, clippings, a Zippo lighter, issue of National Geographic, and a map document James A. Brosman's service in Vietnam.

Added: 06 May 2009[Updated: 13 Oct 2011]
Yang-Soo Bae Collection (2231) Finding Aid
Item Number: 22310000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Book of poetry written in Vietnamese and Korean titled Chinh Phu Ngam Khuc and donated to the Vietnam Archive by Dr. Yang-Soo Bae.

Added: 24 Sep 2009[Updated: 24 Sep 2009]
James N. Barker Collection (2199) Finding Aid
Item Number: 21990000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Less than one linear foot of articles and poetry document James N. (Jim) Barker's service as an advisor and linguist with MACV in Kontum, 1971-1972 and as a counselor at a VA Hospital in Palo Alto, California.

Added: 24 Sep 2009[Updated: 02 Oct 2009]
Howard E. Beck Collection (2184) Finding Aid
Item Number: 21840000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Propaganda leaflet written in English and Vietnamese stating that the Marines will reward people warning them where booby traps are and a CD-ROM containing a photograph of the 1st Anti-tank Battalion, 1st Marine Division at Camp Pendleton, California, December 1965. Photograph of Howard E. Beck while he was serving on a MEDCAP in Vietnam.

Added: 02 Oct 2009[Updated: 02 Oct 2009]
John H. Barnett Collection (2239) Finding Aid
Item Number: 22390000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Copy of John H. Barnett's 2006 dissertation for the Doctorate of Philosophy Degree in Public Policy at the University of Arkansas titled 'Vietnamese Agricultural Policies: The Role of the Province 1982-2004' discusses the effects of reforms at the provincial level in regards to Vietnamese agriculture.

Added: 02 Oct 2009[Updated: 02 Oct 2009]
Roy M. (Mike) Boehm Collection (2185) Finding Aid
Item Number: 21850000000   (Click For More Item Information)

DVD titled 'Sound of My Violin' recalls the My Lai Massacre and the establishment of the Peace Park at My Lai to memorialize the victims on the 30th anniversary of the massacre. The story also focuses on the return of Hugh Thompson and Larry Colburn, two Americans who helped save villagers from the massacre, to the village.

Added: 05 Oct 2009[Updated: 06 Jan 2010]
Zachary P. Bagwell Collection (2225) Finding Aid
Item Number: 22250000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Four oral histories conducted in Fall 2007 by Zachary P. Bagwell, a student with the University of Houston-Downtown, with Toy Smith, Diane Murray, William Nail, and Father Vincent for the Library of Congress American Folklife Center Veterans History Project. Also included in the donation are military administrative documents and a CD of photographs from William Nail; data sheets on Brian Horinek, the late brother of Diane Murray; and printed photographs from Toy Smith, Diane Murray, and William Nail.

Added: 08 Oct 2009[Updated: 27 May 2010]
Glenn S. Bremenkamp Collection (2237) Finding Aid
Item Number: 22370000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Over 200 slides document Glenn S. Bremenkamp's service as a Forward Air Controller in 1966, including interdictions on the Ho Chi Minh Trail, from April to December of the same year.

Added: 08 Oct 2009[Updated: 07 Jun 2012]
John J. Baker Collection (2261) Finding Aid
Item Number: 22610000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Copies of performance reports and Air Force Commendation Medal citation document John J. Baker's service with the United States Air Force in Vietnam.

Added: 30 Oct 2009[Updated: 13 Nov 2009]
James L. Holloway, III Collection (2042) Finding Aid
Item Number: 20420000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Metal Elephant Ashtray given to Admiral James L. Holloway, III, USN (Ret.) by Rear Admiral Tran Van Chon, CNO of the Vietnamese Navy in 1973. The ashtray was transferred from the Naval Historical Foundation to the Vietnam Archive in October 2007.

Added: 30 Nov 2007[Updated: 06 Jan 2010]
Michael Banek Collection (1986) Finding Aid
Item Number: 19860000000   (Click For More Item Information)

Eleven reels of Super 8 mm film from Michael Banek's service in the Vietnam War.

Added: 22 Feb 2008[Updated: 25 Aug 2011]
Families of Vietnamese Political Prisoners Association (FVPPA) Collection (1849) Finding Aid
Item Number: 18490000000   (Click For More Item Information)

The Families of Vietnamese Political Prisoners Association Collection contains 156 linear feet of immigration applications, correspondence, speeches, meeting notes, financial and legal records, printed materials, and other administrative records that document the activities of the Families of Vietnamese Political Prisoners Association (FVPPA), a non-profit organization active from 1977-1999 in campaigning for the release of re-education camp prisoners in Vietnam. The records document not only the activities of the FVPPA, but also the individual stories of over 12,000 applicants for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Orderly Departure Program (ODP). The collection is arranged in six series: ODP Applications, Office Files, Resettlement Files, Master Lists of Applicants, Restricted/Reserved Files, and Oversized Documents.

The application files contained documents proving eligibility for immigration to the U.S. through the ODP. These records include: ODP application forms, sponsor letters, prisoner

release documents, personal letters, photos, copies of identification papers, birth, marriage, and death records, educational certificates, military records, and other relevant documents. Also found in the collection are the FVPPA’s extensive correspondence with government officials, political leaders, non-profit human rights organizations and others, including: President Ronald Reagan, President George H. W. Bush, Senior Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, Bureau for Refugees Robert L. Funseth, Orderly Departure Program Director Martha Sardinas, the U.S. Department of State, the Bureau for Refugee Programs, the Embassy of the United States of America in Bangkok, Thailand, Amnesty International, Staff Consultant for the Subcommittee on Asian & Pacific Affairs Eric Schwartz, Congressman Stephen J. Solarz, Secretary of State George P. Shultz, Senator John McCain, Senator Edward M. Kennedy, Senator John Kerry, Senator Bob Dole, the Department of Social and Health Services for the State of Washington, and Thailand refugee camp president Ngo Suu.

In its work on behalf of political prisoners and refugees, the FVPPA undertook a variety of activities. Their public awareness program sought to collect and disseminate pertinent information on the needs of Vietnamese political prisoners and their families. An outreach program sought to establish a case file for every prisoner and his or her immediate family in order to assist the eligible persons with their immigration from Vietnam to the United States or other countries in the world. The FVPPA also acted as an information center for recent immigrants, providing resettlement information and assistance as well as aiding in family reunification. They maintained correspondence and held meetings with several politicians, government agencies and officials, and human rights organizations.

Provenance of the collection
In 2004, members of the FVPPA reorganized and formed the Vietnamese American Heritage Foundation (VAHF). In June of 2005, VAHF donated to Texas Tech University’s Vietnam Archive 135-linear-feet of documents created and collected by the FVPPA. The records had been stored for many years in Austin, Texas. After their shipment by freight truck to Lubbock, approximately 19 linear feet of documents received treatment for mold growth.

Arrangement of collection
There appeared to be no original order or recognizable filing system to the records of the FVPPA Collection (VAHF) when it arrived at the Vietnam Archive. To give the collection order and make it accessible to researchers, the collection was divided into six series: ODP Applications, Office Files, Resettlement Files, Master Lists of Applicants, Oversized Documents, and Restricted/Reserved Files.

Series 1 - ODP Application Files Introduction
At a total of 117 linear feet of documents, the ODP Applications are the largest group of files in the collection. They are arranged alphabetically and contain individual documents that date from 1905 to 1999. ODP Applications has one subgroup: ODP Correspondence.

The individual documents found in the Applications Files Series range from 1905 to 2001. The documents include: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Orderly Departure Program applications, Letters of Introduction (LOI) from ODP applicants and/or their sponsors, Vietnamese political prisoners’ Certificate of Release from re-education camp,

personal letters, letters from family members, letters from sponsors, photos of applicants and family members, copies of passports, copies of exit visas, copies of Vietnamese identification cards, Residency and Household Members List from an ODP applicant’s local Vietnamese Police Department, marriage, birth, and death certificates, educational certificates, military training certificates, military awards, professional training certificates, letters of recommendation for jobs, humanitarian operation (HO) papers, copies of Alien Resident Cards, copies of Social Security cards, and medical records. When necessary, personal information such as Social Security numbers and/or medical information has been removed to the restricted series (Series 6), and sanitized copies of documents included in the original files.

Notes about Vietnamese names
The names of the applicants are written in the Vietnamese order, which is opposite the American order. For example, the American President John Quincy Adams would be written Adams Quincy John in the Vietnamese order.

If the applicant has a known alias it is noted on the file. For example, Nguyen Van Be has an alias of Pham Van Be. His file would be marked Nguyen Van Be a.k.a. Pham Van Be.

Nguyen is the most common surname/family/last name. Dang, Do, Ngo, Pham, Phan, Le, Luong, Tran, Truong, Trinh, Vo, and Vu are also common surname/family/last names in the collection. Van is the most common middle name, followed by Thi and Minh. Thi is almost always a female’s middle name. I & Y are the same, interchangeable when after a consonant. Qui is the same as Quy. Quy is the older generations preference, whereas Qui is the younger’s. Si is the same as Sy. When reading the documents, it is helpful to know these two common abbreviations for names: Ng=Nguyen, and T=Thi or Thuy. If it looks like Cr, it is TR. R almost never follows C. What looks like an S or G can be an H. D with a line under it is a P.

Series 1-Arrangement
The name of the principal applicant is the name given on the file. For example, Nguyen Van Be, a former Vietnamese political prisoner, is applying for his family to immigrate to the U.S. through the ODP. His list of family members includes his wife Pham Thi Phuong, his son Nguyen Ngoc Be, and his father Nguyen Ngo Be. Nguyen Van Be’s name will be the one listed on the file. If, however, Nguyen Van Be’s wife was also a Vietnamese political prisoner or a U.S. employee, her name will also appear on the file, for she too has status and qualifies as a principal applicant under ODP. The order of the two names on the file is determined alphabetically. If the widow of a principal applicant applies, the file is listed with her name first, followed by that of her deceased husband. If the children of a principal applicant are orphans when they apply, the file is listed under the names of the children.

Application files for individuals having the same name are arranged by date of birth. The oldest applicant is followed by the next oldest and so on until the youngest applicant with that name is reached. The birth date is written in the American order. Vietnamese write the date by day-month-year. January 11, 1959 is 11-1-1959 in Vietnamese order. Please keep in mind when looking for a particular applicant’s file that the order of the birth date may accidentally be written in the wrong order. Moreover, applicants sometimes changed their birth date multiple times, and even changed their names.

The ODP Applications Files range from 1985-1999. The majority of ODP Application forms were filled out in 1989-1994, after the July 30, 1989 signing of the American-Vietnamese agreement allowing former re-education camp prisoners and their families to resettle in the
U.S. Another large group of ODP applications were filled out in 1996-1999 after the McCain Amendment (Section 595 H.R. 3540), which allowed children over the age of 21 of former re- education camp prisoners to immigrate to the U.S., was enacted in July, 1996. An ODP Application form contains: the name and birthday of the applicant; the IV and VEWL number of the applicant, which served as an ID for the Embassy of the U.S. in Bangkok, Thailand; the Vietnamese address of the ODP applicant; the birthday and contact information of the applicant’s sponsor; the contact information of the closest relative(s) or acquaintance(s) of the ODP applicant in the U.S. and Vietnam; the relationship between the sponsor and the ODP applicant; the military rank or U.S. employee position of the applicant; the names, addresses, and birthdays of the family members the applicant wished to have emigrate with them; and the dates and names of the re-education camp(s) in which the applicant was incarcerated.

Subseries 2 - ODP Correspondence
The ODP Correspondence subseries consists of one linear foot of files ranging from 1989-1999 of ODP applicants who are unnamed. The applicant’s sponsor or family member wrote a letter but did not name the applicant. Like the ODP applications, the ODP Correspondence files are arranged alphabetically. The files are arranged by the name of the sponsor or family member of the unnamed applicant. Those files having the same name are arranged by date of birth.

Series 2 - General Office Files
Consisting of 35 linear feet of documents that range form 1981 to 2002, the General Office Files is the second largest series in the collection. Office files are divided into five subseries: Correspondence; Events and Speeches; Organizational Meetings; Financial, Legal and Employee Records; and Printed Materials. These documents provide information on the purpose, mission, and activities of the FVPPA. Through these files a researcher can learn how the FVPPA achieved its four major accomplishments:

• The July 30, 1989 signing of the American-Vietnamese agreement allowing former re- education camp prisoners and their families to resettle in the U.S.
• The release of the 100 longest held political prisoners.
• The McCain Amendment which allowed children over of the age of 21 of former re- education camp prisoners to immigrate to the U.S. (Section 595 H.R. 3540, enacted in July 1996, considered by conference committee in September of 1996.)
• The abolition of the mandatory requirement that former Vietnamese political prisoners have six months trade and English training in Philippines before entering the U.S.
Subseries 1 - Correspondence
Office Correspondence is the largest subseries of the Office Files Series and contains sixteen linear feet of documents. This subseries is divided into two subgroups, Incoming and Outgoing Correspondence. At nine linear feet, Office Correspondence-Incoming is the larger

of these two groups and is arranged alphabetically by the name of the sender. These files cover the 1980s and 1990s, with the bulk being in the 1990s. Office Correspondence-Outgoing contains seven linear feet of documents and is arranged chronologically by year and then by month. Office Correspondence-Outgoing covers 1982-2001. Notable correspondents include: President Ronald Reagan, President George H. W Bush, Senior Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, Bureau for Refugees Robert L. Funseth, Orderly Departure Program Director Martha Sardinas, Staff Consultant of the Subcommittee on Asian & Pacific Affairs Eric Schwartz, Congressman Stephen J. Solarz, Secretary of State George P. Shultz, Senator John McCain, Senator Edward M. Kennedy, Senator John Kerry, Senator Bob Dole, and Thailand Refugee Camp President Ngo Suu.
Subseries 2 - Office Events and Speeches
The Office Events and Speeches subseries contains three linear feet of records documenting the events held by, and attended by, the FVPPA, as well as various speeches given by its president and co-founder Khuc Minh Tho, Senior Deputy Assistant Secretary for the Bureau for Refugees Robert L. Funseth, and various other VIPs. These files are arranged chronologically and cover 1982-1999, but have no records for the years 1983 and 1997. The bulk of the records are from the FVPPA’s two annual events: The Annual Freedom Reunion Picnic, and the Annual Awards Dinner and Culture Show, also called the Unity and Reunion Dinner. The FVPPA’s events helped to raise money and public awareness, and honored those individuals and VIPs who had contributed to the FVPPA’s mission and cause.

Subseries 3 - Organizational Meetings
The Office Organizational Meetings subseries contains three linear feet of records documenting the FVPPA’s meetings and contacts. The files are arranged chronologically and cover 1984-1998. The records contain board meeting notes, memos, agendas, lists of attendees, minutes from meetings with U.S. government officials, printed and hand written lists of contacts, and hand written notes about meetings and trips. Notable files include: an Agenda
& Summary of the Issues of the Meeting with the Permanent Mission of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in New York City, April 14, 1989; notes from the Coordinating Committee for the Reception of Vietnamese Political Prisoners “Welcome & Task Force,” 1989-1990; notes on the abolition of the requirement of former Vietnamese political prisoners having to go to Bataan, Philippines before coming to the U.S., 1992-1993; and notes detailing a meeting with the Immigration and Naturalization Service, August 30, 1995.

Subseries 4 - Financial, Legal, and Employee Records
At two linear feet, the Office Financial, Legal, and Employee Records subseries is the smallest of the Office Files Series. These files are arranged chronologically and cover 1981-1999, but are missing the records for the years 1982 and 1983. The bulk of these files are the annual membership and sponsorship donations and fees. There are only five files pertaining to employee records.

Subseries 5 - Printed Materials
Printed Materials is the last of the Office subseries and contains ten linear feet of documents. These files are arranged chronologically and cover 1976-2002. Printed Materials is divided into two subgroups: Printed Materials Not Created by the FVPPA, and Printed Materials Created by the FVPPA. The Printed Materials Not Created by the FVPPA files contains seven

linear feet of records that range from 1976-2002, but is missing the years: 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981, 2000, and 2001. These files contain various periodicals, journals, including: Vietnamese- American beauty magazines, Vietnamese newspaper articles, American newspapers in English and Vietnamese, Congressional Records, Vietnam Human Rights Watch, and even The National Enquirer. Printed Materials Created by the FVPPA contains three linear feet of records that range from 1989-1999, but is missing the years: 1981, 1982, 1983, and 1993.
These files contain the FVPPA’s informational and promotional materials, including: annual yearbooks, FVPPA’s newsletters, and the FVPPA’s brochures.

Series 3 - Resettlement Files
The Resettlement Files Series consists of one linear foot of records of former Vietnamese political prisoners and their families that the FVPPA helped resettle in the U.S. The files are arranged alphabetically and cover the 1990s. These records document the FVPPA’s assistance to former Vietnamese political prisoners and their families in obtaining housing, employment, transportation, medical care, and state assistance. These records contain copies of resettled immigrants’ ODP applications, and all receipts and paperwork involved in assisting former Vietnamese political prisoners in the U.S.

Series 4 - Master Lists of Applicants
The Master Lists of Applicants Series contains one linear foot of documents arranged chronologically, covering the years 1985, 1988, 1989, and undated files. Master List files contain copies of applications, checks, and sponsorship forms. These records helped the FVPPA to keep track of membership and sponsorship donations, contact information of sponsors, and to make lists of former re-education camp prisoners.

Series 5 - Oversized Documents
Consisting of only two files in one large flat box, Oversized Documents is the smallest of all series and is arranged alphabetically. The first file contains military awards removed from the ODP Application file of Nguyen Van Cong (3/15/1940). The second file contains a proclamation from President George H. W. Bush.

Series 6 - Restricted/Reserved
The Restricted/Reserved series contains two linear feet of records arranged alphabetically. This series consists of individual documents removed from Series 1-5 containing medical information and Social Security numbers. These files are not open for researchers. When possible, sanitized copies of documents were returned to the original files, and in all cases a note was place in the file indicating information had been removed.

Added: 27 May 2008[Updated: 08 May 2017]
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