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LCDR Jack Graf Memorial Collection - Naval Intelligence Liaison Officers (NILO) Collection (1955) Finding Aid

Item Number: 19550000000
 Collection

Scope and Contents

Less than one linear foot of a Joint Task Force Full Accounting (JTFFA) Report photocopy documents Lieutenant Commander John George (Jack) Graff being listed as POW/MIA after being shot down in the Third Coastal Zone of South Vietnam on 15 November 1969, his attempted escape in January 1970, and the discovery of his remains in Cuu Long Province by JTFFA.

Dates

  • 12 April 2007

Biographical / Historical

The materials in this collection document the role played by Naval Intelligence Liaison Officers (NILOs) during the Vietnam War. The collection is named after Lieutenant Commander John (Jack) Graf, the only NILO killed in the Vietnam War.

LCDR John George 'Jack' Graf was born on 20 October 1927 in Los Angeles, CA. He was enlisted in the Naval Reserves, in 1945, at the close of WWII, and reenlisted in the U.S. Navy in 1946, initially serving with Weather Reconnaissance Squadron One in Guam, as a Photographer. He also served in China, Korea, the Phillipines, Hawaii, and Antarctica. In 1956, Graf became a Chief Photographer's Mate, and went to serve at Little America, Antarctica between 1957 and 1958. He was promoted to Ensign while there, and was the first serviceman to have that honor in Antarctica.

In 1961, Graf became a Bombardier Navigator. Later, he volunteered to serve in Vietnam for two tours. The first tour was from 1966-1967, and he served with the 22nd Tactical Air Support Squadron, as a Tactical Observer and a Naval Intelligence Liaison Officer. In 1967, while on a recon mission, his pilot was shot and killed, and Graf had to fly the plane back to the base from the second seat, having no prior pilot experience. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross as a result.

Graf's second tour was from 1968-1969, where he served as a Third Coastal Zone Intelligence Officer (3CZIO), where he flew reconnaissance missions with a pilot. On 15 November 1969, he and his pilot were on a mission 20 miles south of Vung Tau, Cuu Long Province, when the plane was shot down by local VC guerrillas. Graf and the pilot, White, were seen ejecting from the aircraft, and were discovered to have been captured by the VC shortly after landing in the marshes. Events are unclear beyond this date, but White, who was the last POW repatriated in Operation Homecoming, in April 1973, related that Graf had made at least one escape attempt, and as many as three. On his final attempt, in late January 1970, he was reported as drowned swimming down a river near the prison camp. The VC allegedly recovered the body days later and buried it on a river bank that was later flooded, making recovery of the body by the U.S. impossible. Graf was declared deceased in 1978 by the military. He had been awarded the rank of Commander in 1976.

Graf received many awards and citations through his career including, the Bronze Star, the Air Medal with Silver Star, the National Defense Service Medal, the UN Service Medal for Korea, China Service Medal, Navy Good Conduct Medal, Combat Action Ribbon, Purple Heart, World War II Victory Medal, Navy Unit Commendation, POW Medal, Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation, Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Gold Star device, Vietnam Service Medal, and the Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal with 1960 device.







Title
Finding Aid
Length (Linear Feet)
1.1
Pages
1
Location(s)
D060.7D, D059.2 Oversize, Photograph Collection, Library, Cold Storage Vault
1
Books

Ad Hoc Committee to Memorialize CDR. John "Jack" Graf USN (KIA) and to Honor the Naval Intelligence Field Organization Vietnam (NavIntFOV).

4
Photographs

VA061819-VA062157:Approximately 338 photos on oversized scrapbook sheets (scrapbook 2)
VA062157-VA062187:Approximately 30 photos on oversize scrapbook pages (scrapbook 3)
VA062238-VA062240: 3 photos (scrapbook 4)
38 photos from Graf's career

Click here to view all Photographs
2
Electronic Media

1955EM0428, 1955EM0429: In Memoriam CDR John (Jack) George Graf, USN, 1945 USN 1970.
1955EM0537: CD-R: LCDR Jack Graf Memorial Collection, Scrapbooks

Click here to view all Electronic Media
  • Box 1: [1] [TTU - Southwest Collections Building, Stacks [D060.7D ]]
  • Box 2: [2] [TTU - Southwest Collections Building, Stacks [D059.2 ]]

Inventory

  • JTFFA Report photocopy of Lieutenant Commander John George (Jack) Graf
  • Paper by Rex Rectanus describing the creation of Naval intelligence Organization Vietnam
  • After Action report on NILO's after Vietnam Centers 6th Triennial symposium in Lubbock, Texas on 13-15 March 2008
  • Ad Hoc Commitee Projects, 21 October 2007.
  • LCDR Jack Graf's training certificates and various military diplomas
  • Citation for Silver Star in lieu of the 2nd through 6th Air Medals, 1967
  • Citation for the Distinquished Flying Cross, 1967
  • Letters and correspondence to and from Graf prior to his Vietnam service
  • Telegrams and other military correspondence regarding Graf's MIA/POW status, and the events surrounding his capture
  • National League of Families correspondence
  • Internet web pages regarding Graf's service record
  • Newspaper clippings about Graf's service
  • photocopied photographs of Graf's live and Naval career
  • Documents from scrapbook/photo album 3 (newspaper clippings, post cards, personal correspondence)
  • Documents from scrapbook 4 (citations, award certificates, military correspondence)
  • Miscellaneous:
  • Information Bulletin, U.S. Navy Antarctic Program in Support of the International Geophysical Year 1957-1958
  • Brochure: Washington Vietnam Veterans Memorial
  • Scrapbook 1
  • Portions of Scrapbook 3 with documents
  • Parade Magazine 31 May 1981
1
Books

Ad Hoc Committee to Memorialize CDR. John "Jack" Graf USN (KIA) and to Honor the Naval Intelligence Field Organization Vietnam (NavIntFOV).

4
Photographs

VA061819-VA062157:Approximately 338 photos on oversized scrapbook sheets (scrapbook 2)
VA062157-VA062187:Approximately 30 photos on oversize scrapbook pages (scrapbook 3)
VA062238-VA062240: 3 photos (scrapbook 4)
38 photos from Graf's career

Click here to view all Photographs
2
Electronic Media

1955EM0428, 1955EM0429: In Memoriam CDR John (Jack) George Graf, USN, 1945 USN 1970.
1955EM0537: CD-R: LCDR Jack Graf Memorial Collection, Scrapbooks

Click here to view all Electronic Media

Pub Credit Line
19550000000, LCDR Jack Graf Memorial Collection - Naval Intelligence Liaison Officers (NILO) Collection, The Vietnam Center and Archive, Texas Tech University

Added: 12 Apr 2007 [Updated: 24 Jun 2013]