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Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. Collection: Gulf War (624) Finding Aid

Item Number: 6240000000
 Collection

Scope and Contents

This single-box series deals primarily with the controversy over 'Gulf War Syndrome' (GWS) and its similarities to the Agent Orange Controversy. There were numerous possible contributors to the pathologies of GWS: possible chemical/biological agents deployed by Saddam Hussein during the conflict, especially organophosphates-based agents, the environmental pollution Hussein created by setting the oil fields ablaze, endemic biological threats from the region, the depleted-Uranium (DU) ordinance used by American forces, and the experimental vaccine against Anthrax with which American forces were inoculated. The experiences of Jim Zumwalt's Marine unit during the war are also treated. Also significant is renewed interest in what came to be referred to as War Syndrome(s) and the Healthy Warrior Effect.

Dates

  • 08 March 2002

Biographical / Historical

Biography: From the Naval Historical Center Website Elmo Russell Zumwalt, Jr., was born in San Francisco, California, on 29 November 1920, son of Dr. E. H. Zumwalt and Dr. Frances Zumwalt. He attended Tulare (California) Union High School, where he was an Eagle Scout and Class Valedictorian and the Rutherford Preparatory School, at Long Beach, California, before his appointment to the U. S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, from his native state in 1939. As a Midshipman, he was President of the Trident Society, Vice President of the Quarterback Society, twice winner of the June Week Public Speaking Contest (1940, 1941), Company Commander in 1941 and Regimental Three Striper in 1942, and participated in intercollegiate debating. Graduated with distinction and commissioned Ensign on 19 June 1942, with the Class of 1943, he subsequently progressed to the rank of Admiral, to date from 1 July 1970.

Following graduation from the Naval Academy in June 1942, he joined the destroyer USS Phelps, and in August 1943 was detached f or instruction in the Operational Training Command, Pacific, at San Francisco, California. In January 1944, he reported on board the USS Robinson, and for "heroic service as Evaluator in the Combat Information Center... (of that destroyer), in action against enemy Japanese battleships during the Battle for Leyte Gulf, 25 October 1944." he was awarded the Bronze Star with Combat "V." The citation further states: "During a torpedo attack on enemy battleships, Lieutenant Zumwalt furnished information indispensable to the success of the attack..."

After the cessation of hostilities in August 1945, until December 8th of that year, he commanded (as prize crew officer) HIMJS Ataka, a 1200-ton Japanese river gunboat with two hundred officers and men. In that capacity, he took the first ship since the outbreak of World War II, flying the United States flag, up the Whangpoo River to Shanghai. There they helped to restore order and assisted in disarming the Japanese.

He next served as Executive Officer of the destroyer USS Saufley, and in March 1946 was transferred to the destroyer USS Zellars, as Executive Officer and Navigator. In January 1948, he was assigned to the Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps Unit of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he remained until June 1950. That month he assumed command of USS Tills, in commission in reserve status. That destroyer escort was placed in full active commission at Charleston Naval Shipyard on 21 November 1950, and he continued to command her until March 1951, when he joined the battleship USS Wisconsin as Navigator.

"For meritorious service as Navigator of USS Wisconsin during combat operations against enemy North Korean and Chinese Communist forces in the Korean Theater from 23 November 1951 to 30 March 1952..." he received a Letter of Commendation, with Ribbon and Combat "V," from Commander Seventh Fleet. The letter continues: "As Navigator his competence and untiring diligence in assuring safe navigation of the ship enabled the commanding officer to devote the greater part of his attention to planning and gunfire Operations. His performance of duty was consistently Superior in bringing the ship through dangerously mined and restricted waters, frequently under adverse conditions and poor visibility. He assisted in the planning of the combat operations... (and) piloted Wisconsin into the closest possible inshore positions in which maximum effect could be obtained by gunfire..."

Detached from USS Wisconsin in June 1952, he attended the Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island, and in June 1953 reported as Head of the Shore and Overseas Bases Section, Bureau of Naval Personnel, Navy Department, Washington, D. C. He also served as Officer and Enlisted Requirements Officer and as Action Officer on Medicare Legislation. Completing that tour of duty in July 1955, he assumed command of the destroyer USS Arnold J. Isbell, participating in two deployments to the Seventh Fleet. In this assignment, he was commended by the Commander, Cruiser-Destroyer Forces, U. S. Pacific Fleet for winning the Battle Efficiency Competition for his ship and for winning Excellence Awards in Engineering, Gunnery, Antisubmarine Warfare, and Operations. In July 1957, he returned to the Bureau of Naval Personnel for further duty. In December 1957, he was transferred to the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Personnel and Reserve Forces), and served as Special Assistant for Naval Personnel until November 1958, then as Special Assistant and Naval Aide until August 1959.

Ordered to the first ship built from the keel up as a guided missile ship, USS Dewey (DLG-14), building at the Bath (Maine) Iron Works, he assumed command of that guided missile frigate at her commissioning in December 1959, and commanded her until June 1961. During this period of his command, Dewey earned the Excellence Award in Engineering, Supply, Weapons, and was runner-up in the Battle Efficiency Competition. He was a student at the National War College, Washington, D. C., during the 1961-1962 class year. In June, he was assigned to the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs), Washington, D. C., where he served first as Desk Officer for France, Spain and Portugal, then as Director of Arms Control and Contingency Planning for Cuba. From December 1963 until 21 June 1965 he served as Executive Assistant and Senior Aide to the Honorable Paul H. Nitze, Secretary of the Navy. For duty in his tour in the offices of the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of the Navy, he was awarded the Legion of Merit.

After his selection for the rank of Rear Admiral, he assumed command in July 1965 of Cruiser-Destroyer Flotilla Seven. "For exceptionally meritorious service..." in that capacity, he was awarded a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Legion of Merit. In August 1966, he became Director of the Chief of Naval Operations Systems Analysis Group, Washington, D. C., and for "exceptionally meritorious service... as Director, Systems Analysis Division, Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, Deputy Scientific Officer to the Center for Naval Analyses, during the period from August 1966 to August 1968..." he was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal. The citation further states in part: "Rear Admiral Zumwalt, by direction of the Chief of Naval Operations, established the Systems Analysis Division and rapidly developed it into a highly effective, responsive organization. Under his leadership, the division has assisted in generating within the Navy a better understanding of requirements, problems and a more effective presentation of those requirements in major program areas which will strongly influence the combat capabilities of U. S. Naval Forces through the next generation. (He) has displayed exceptional acumen, integrity, tact and diplomacy as personal representative of the Chief of Naval Operations, not only in dealings within the Department of Defense, but also in testifying before Congressional Committees. Among the major analyses completed under his direct supervision were the major Fleet Escort, Antisubmarine Warfare Force Level, Tactical Air, Surface-to-Surface Missile, and War-at-Sea Studies. Additionally, under Rear Admiral Zumwalt's guidance, the Center for Naval Analyses has been restructured, and its methodologies clearly defined with such precision as to ensure that completed studies will reflect thoroughness, comprehensiveness and accuracy when subjected to closest scrutiny..."

In September 1968, he became Commander Naval Forces, Vietnam and Chief of the Naval Advisory Group, U. S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam. President Richard M. Nixon nominated him as Chief of Naval Operations on 14 April 1970. Upon being relieved as Commander Naval Forces, Vietnam, on 15 May 1970, he was awarded a Gold Star in lieu of a second Distinguished Service Medal for exceptionally meritorious service. He assumed command as Chief of Naval Operations on 1 July 1970 and retired from that position on 1 July 1974. In 1976, he unsuccessfully ran as a Democratic candidate for the Senate from Virginia. Later he held the presidency of the American Medical Building Corporation in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Admiral Zumwalt died on 2 January 2000 at the Duke University Medical Center in Durham, NC. His home was in Arlington, Virginia. He was married to the former Mouza Coutelais-du-Roche of Harbin, Manchuria, and they had two sons, Elmo R. Zumwalt III, who died of cancer in 1988, and James Gregory Zumwalt, and two daughters, Ann F. Zumwalt Coppola and Mouza C. Zumwalt-Weathers. He was also survived by six grandchildren.
Title
Finding Aid
Length (Linear Feet)
1.0
Pages
1
Location(s)
D106.5C

Inventory

  • 1998-1999
  • Memo: Michael E. Naylon (Presidential Special Oversight Board for Dept. of Defense Investigations of Gulf War Chemical and Biological Incidents) to ERZ and Board Members 27 Jan 99 Re: Dursban. [And attached correspondence]
  • “Gulf War Illnesses: Role of Chemical, Radiological, and Biological Exposures” Nicolson, et al.
  • Fldr dividers.
  • T. J. Donnelly to William Cohen (SecDef) 22 May 98 [3 copies]
  • Desert Shield 1990-1991
  • Transcript of Defense Policy Panel (House Armed Services Committee) Hearing (26 Apr 91)
  • Norman P. Byers (Committee for Peace and Security in the Gulf) to ERZ (14 Dec 90) [attached: info. re Committee for Peace and Security…]
  • “Bringing Saddam Hussein to Justice Must Be Done by the Rules” USA Today (25 Jul 91)
  • “Assertive Disarmament” Global Perspectives 1990 (16 May 90)
  • Press Relevance from International Security Council (10 Dec 90)
  • “Sea Power’s Contribution to Desert Shield and Desert Storm”
  • News Release: “Fundamental Changes in Defense Examined” House Armed Services Committee (28 Feb 91)
  • “The Role of the US Navy in the 21st Century” Statement of RADM Anthony A. Less, USN, Deputy CNO Before the Subcommittee on Seapower and Strategic and Critical Material of the House Armed Services Committee (12 Mar 91)
  • Statement of ADM David E. Jeremiah, Vice Chairman of the JCS Before the Committee on Armed Services US House of Representatives (12 Mar 91)
  • Les Aspin (Chairman, House Armed Services Committee) to ERZ (22 Mar 91)
  • “Desert Shield / Desert Storm: Lessons Learned [ERZ?](26 Apr 91) [Attached correspondence]
  • “The US Needs Turkey” ERZ & JGZ (22 Apr 91)
  • ERZ to unknown re: [attached] War Diary of JGZ
  • Shahin Gobadi to ERZ (22 Apr 91)
  • Jackson Toby (Institute for Criminological Research) to ERZ (15 Jan 91) [attached correspondence]
  • Congressmen Hunter, Montgomery, Michel, Darden, Dickinson, and Murtha to ERZ (18 Jan 91) [attached correspondence]
  • Congressman Les Aspin to ERZ (10 Jan 91) [attached White Papers]
  • “Developments in the Persian Gulf Crisis: What should We Do?” by Paul H. Nitze (30 Jan 91)
  • Fax: Richard Perle to ERZ (4 Dec 90)
  • [No Title] by ERZ and JGZ (16 Oct 90)
  • ERZ to Norman Byers (21 Dec 90) [attached correspondence]
  • Fax: Joan Weeks to Nancy (ERZ) (3 Feb 91) [attached press release]
  • Meg Molyneaux (Committee for Peace and Security in the Gulf) to ERZ (30 Jan 91) [attached documents]
  • Memo: Norman Byers to Committee Signatories (20 Feb 91)
  • Nuzhet Kandemir (Turkish Ambassador) to ERZ (26 Apr 91)
  • Kandemir to ERZ (24 Apr 91)
  • Fax: ERZ to Nancy (ERZ’s office) (8 Jul 90) [attached column]
  • “If Saddam Survives” Washington Times (3 Apr 91) [2 copies]
  • Douglas J. Feith (International Advisers, Inc.) to Congressman David R. Obey (15 mar 91)
  • “A Failure to Communicate” Washington Times (3 Jul 91)[and attached columns]
  • “Bombing was justified to rein in rogue Iraq” Zumwalts (1 Jul 91)
  • “Bringing out the best in men” Washington Times (11 Sep 91)
  • “Statement of the Committee on US Interests in the Middle East” [and fax cover sheet]
  • “Symposium on The Gulf Crisis: Soviet and American Perspectives” News (17 Oct 90)
  • Desert Storm 1992-1996
  • Memo: ERZ to Jim (26 Nov 96) Re: [attached memo and statement]
  • ERZ to Robert M. Hager (20 Aug 96) [attached E-Mail]
  • “Hunting for Gulf War Syndrome” Los Angeles Times (17 Nov 96)
  • “Illnesses Reported by Gulf War Veterans Remain a Mystery to Panels of Medical Experts” New York Times (8 Nov 96)
  • “Advisers Condemn Pentagon Review of Gulf Ailments” New York Times (8 Nov 96)
  • [Copies of above titles]
  • Janette D. Sherman, MD to ERZ (14 Nov 96) [attached documents]
  • ERZ to Daniel V. Flanagan, Jr. (12 Jan 95) [Attached correspondence]
  • ERZ to Dr. Janette Sherman (5 Oct 93) [attached letter]
  • Dr. Sherman to Richard Christian (American Legion) (15 Aug 92)
  • Dr. Sherman to Layne Drash (VA Central) (20 Aug 93)
  • Sherman to Belton A. Burrows, MD (VA) (20 Aug 93)
  • “Chemical poisoning found in Gulf vets” (3 Aug 92)
  • Dr. Sherman to ERZ (23 Sep 92) [attached correspondence]
  • Dr. Sherman to Richard S. Christian
  • (19 Aug 92) [ATTACHED: “Organophosphate Nerve Agents and Pesticides History of the Toxicology, with Emphasis on Neurotoxicity”
  • Desert Storm Illness / NSC Panel 1997-1999
  • ERZ to Col. Michael E. Naylon (Special Oversight Board) (11 Jan 99) [attached correspondence]
  • T. J. Donnelly to Col. Naylon (30 Sep 98) [attached correspondence]
  • Jonathan M. Samet, MD (Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health) to ERZ (24 Jun 99) [attached correspondence]
  • ERZ to Warren B. Rudman (Oversight Board) (31 May 99) [attached correspondence]
  • ERZ to Rudman (17 Jul 98)
  • Michael and Denise Donnelly to ERZ (20 Jul 98)
  • ERZ to Janette D. Sherman, MD (21 May 98) [attached correspondence]
  • J. Landis Martin to ERZ (4 Jun 98)
  • ERZ to Paul Sullivan (National Gulf War Resource Center, Inc.) (13 May 98) [Attached correspondence]
  • ERZ to Sen. Christopher J. Dodd (13 May 98) [attached correspondence and documents]
  • ERZ to Congressman Rudman (2 Jul 98) [attached correspondence]
  • “Independent Panel Recommended to Oversee Probe of Gulf War Illness” Washington Post (9 Nov 97)
  • “OSAGWI gains coalition cooperation on Gulf War illness investigation” GulfNews V. 1 #4 (Nov 97)
  • “House panel links gulf war illnesses to ‘toxic agents’” Baltimore Sun (30 Oct 97) / “Expert Panel Says Pentagon Ignored Evidence of Poison Gas” NY Times (31 Oct)
  • Mohamed B. Abou-Donia, PhD (Duke University Medical Center) to ERZ (25 Sep 97) [attached correspondence]
  • “$3 Million Study of Gulf War Illnesses Criticized” Washington Post (8 Nov 97)
  • Fax: Capt. Joe Sestok [?] (NSC) to ERZ (13 Nov 96)
  • “Gulf War Logs on Chemicals Reported Lost in Office Move” Washington Post (Oct 97)
  • Fax: RADM Paul Busick (NSC) to ERZ (15 Oct 97) [attached correspondence]
  • ERZ to RADM Busick (15 Oct 97) [attached correspondence]
  • BHRD Senior Staff [attached correspondence] 1996-1997
  • “Gulf War illness linked to Iraqi germ weapons” Seattle Post-Intelligencer (11 Dec 96)
  • Bernard Rostker (office of SecDef) to ERZ (13 Mar 97) [attached correspondence and documents]
  • Fax: Priscilla Barry (ERZ) to Randy Dietering (PFIAB) (7 Feb 97)
  • “Gulf War Syndrome and the Press” Wall Street Journal (4 Mar 97)
  • Bernard K. Rostker to ERZ (12 Mar 97) [attached correspondence]
  • “Studies Show Higher Gulf Illness Rates” Stars and Stripes (2-8 Dec 96)
  • USCG’s Busick Named to Direct ‘Syndrome’ Efforts” Sea Power (Dec 96)
  • “No Illness Pattern Found in Gas Release in Gulf” Washington Post (19 Jan 97)
  • “Army Agrees to Check Gulf Illness Germ Theory” Stars and Stripes (13-19 Jan 97) [in same issue: “Gulf War Syndrome and Sherlock Holmes” and “More Time Asked for Gulf Illness Claims”
  • “New Studies Indicate 6 Patterns of Gulf ‘Syndrome’” Washington Post (9 Jan 97)
  • “Gulf Illness May Reflect Multiple Exposures, Report Says” New York Times (9 Jan 97)
  • “Is Gulf War Syndrome Linked to Stresses of Combat?” Wall Street Journal (6 Jan 97)
  • “The Gulf Between
  • ‘Syndrome’ and Poison Gas” Washington Post (2 Jan 97)
  • “Army to Study Bacteria Link To Ailments In Gulf War” (dateline: Washington, 26 Dec)
  • “Chemical Alarms Rang, But Desert Location Is Lost” Washington Post (15 Nov 96)
  • “Knowledge of Poison Gas in Gulf War Unlikely to Have Altered Treatment” Washington Post (12 Dec 96)
  • “Syndrome” VFW (Jan 97)
  • DSS (SOB) Take Desert Storm Syndrome [sic] (Special Oversight Board) 1998-1999
  • Dan Fahey to Col. Naylon (Oversight Board) and ERZ (4 Aug 99) [attached: “A Fear of Falling”]
  • “Gulf War Veterans Health” Institute of Medicine (14 Sep 99)
  • Fax: Michael E. Naylon to Col. David Petraeus EA, CJCS (16 Nov 98) [attached correspondence]
  • Henry H. Shelton (JCS) to ERZ (12 Nov 98)
  • Warren B. Rudman to ERZ (11 Aug 99)
  • 1980-1998
  • “Sensory neuropathy associated with Dursban (chlorpyrifos) exposure” Neurology (Nov 93)
  • “The ‘Gulf War syndrome’. Is there evidence of dysfunction in the nervous system?” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry 60: 449-451 (96)
  • “A Preliminary Study on Delayed Vestibulo-Cerebellar Effects of Tokyo Subway Sarin Poisoning in Relation to Gender Difference: Frequency Analysis of Postural Sway” JOEM V. 40, #1 (Jan 98)
  • “Potentiation of Organophosphorus-Induced Delayed Neurotoxicity by Phenylmethylsulfonyl Fluoride” Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health 31:261-273 (1990)
  • “Delayed Neurotoxic Effect of Sarin in Mice after Repeated Inhalation Exposure” Journal of Applied Toxicology 13(2) (1993)
  • “A Comparative Study of Delayed Neurotoxicity in Hens Following Repeated Administration of Organophosphorus Compounds” Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 39(1) (1995)
  • “Long Term Effects of the Organophosphate Sarin on EEG’s in Monkeys and Humans” Neurotoxicology 1:667-689 (1980)
  • “Neurotoxicity Resulting From Co exposure to Pyridostigmine Bromide, DEET, and Permethrin: Implications of Gulf War Chemical Exposures"” Abou-Donia & Wilmarth (6 Oct 95)
  • “Increased Neurotoxicity Following Concurrent Exposure to Pyridostigmine Bromide, DEET, and Chlorpyrifos” Fundamental and Applied Toxicology 34, 201-222 (1996)
  • “The ‘Gulf War syndrome’. Is there evidence of dysfunction in the nervous system?” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry (1996)
  • “Is Gulf War Syndrome Due To Stress? The Evidence Reexamined” American Journal of Epidemiology V. 148 #4
  • “Is There a Gulf War Syndrome?” JAMA V. 277 #3 (15 Jan 97)
  • “Point: Bias from the ‘Healthy-Warrior Effect’ and Unequal Follow-up in Three Government Studies of Health Effects of the Gulf War” American Journal of Epidemiology 148:4 (15 Aug 98)
  • 1980-1998
  • Bernard K. Rostker (SecDef) to ERZ (9 Sep 97) [attached correspondence]
  • Fax: Fred Rosa (NSC) to Priscilla Barry (29 Nov 96) [attached bio]
  • Janette D. Sherman, MD to Rostker (29 Sep 97)
  • “Independent Panel Recommended to Oversee Probe of Gulf War Illness” Washington Post (9 Nov 97)
  • “Neuropsychological Correlates of Gulf War Syndrome” Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology 12:6 (1997)
  • Robert W. Haley, MD (Southwestern Medical Center) to ADM Paul E. Busick (8 Aug 97) [attached document and correspondence]
  • “Increased Neurotoxicity Following Concurrent Exposure to Pyridostigmine Bromide, DEET, and Chlorpyrifos” Fundamental and Applied Toxicology (1996)
  • “Stress With Exposure to Pyridostigmine Bromide (PB), DEET, and Permethrin Increases Rat Blood-Brain Barrier (BBB) Permeability” The FASEB Journal: 11, A627 (1997)
  • “Neurotoxicity Resulting From Coexposure to Pyridostigmine Bromide, DEET, and Permethrin: Implications of Gulf War Chemical Exposures"” Abou-Donia & Wilmarth (6 Oct 95)
  • “The war that makes men sick” by Edward Timperlake (6 Jan 95)
  • “$12 million awarded for Gulf War health research studies” GulfNews 2:5 (Jan 98)
  • “Where Technical Knowledge, Public Policy Cross Paths” Washington Post (24 Nov 97)
  • Harold R. Kolb to ERZ (15 Dec 97) [attached correspondence]
  • “Possible Etiologies of an Unexplained Chronic Illness (Gulf War Syndrome) In Reserve Units
  • Deployed to Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm” (14 Dec 93)
  • Dr. Sherman to ERZ (13 Jan 95)[attached doc.]
  • “Is There a Gulf War Syndrome?” JAMA 277:3 (15 Jan 97)
  • “Increased Neurotoxicity Following Concurrent Exposure to Pyridostigmine Bromide, DEET, and Chlorpyrifos” Fundamental and Applied Toxicology (1996)
  • “The ‘Gulf War syndrome’. Is there evidence of dysfunction in the nervous system?” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry (1996)
  • “Sensory neuropathy associated with Dursban (chlorpyrifos) exposure” Neurology (Nov 93)
  • “Delayed Neurotoxic Effect of Sarin in Mice after Repeated Inhalation Exposure” Journal of Applied Toxicology 13:2 (1993)
  • “A Comparative Study of Delayed Neurotoxicity in Hens Following Repeated Administration of Organophosphorus Compounds” Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 39(1) (1995)
  • “Potentiation of Organophosphorus-Induced Delayed Neurotoxicity by Phenylmethylsulfonyl Fluoride” Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health 31:261- 273 (1990)
  • “Long Term Effects of the Organophosphate Sarin on EEGs in Monkeys and Humans” Neurotoxicology (1980)
  • 1998-1999
  • C.V. for Vinh Cam, Ph.D.
  • “Catastrophic Terrorism” Foreign Affairs (Nov/Dec 98)
  • Robert W. Haley, MD to ERZ (1 Dec 98)[attached proposal and correspondence]
  • ERZ to Hon. Warren B. Rudman (28 Jan 99) [attached correspondence]
  • 1992-1999
  • “Desert Storm Illness Investigation ‘Misses the Mark’” National Center for Environmental Health Strategies (21 Oct 92)
  • “War Syndromes and Their Evaluation: From the US Civil War to the Persian Gulf War” Annals of Internal Medicine 125:5 (1 Sep 96)
  • “Poison Risk to 10,000 Soldiers” The Scotsman (21 Dec 99)
  • “Baldwin Backs Center on Military Health” Capital Times- Madison, WI. (20 Dec 99)
  • “MoD confirms radioactive shells fired on Firth” The Sunday Herald (Scotland) (19 Dec 99)
  • E-Mail: Elmo Zumwalt to ERZ (28 Oct 99) Re: FW: Combating Terrorism: Need for Comprehensive Threat and Risk Assessments of Chemical and Biological Attacks”
  • “Legion: Gulf syndrome A Replay of Agent Orange Quagmire” Stars and Stripes (19-25 Dec 94)
  • SOB Mtg w/ Dr. Haley 1999
  • “VA Analyzes Death Rate of Gulf Veterans” The California AMVET 35:4 (Fall 95)
  • Kate McKenna to ERZ (6 May 97) [attached: “The Curse of Desert Storm” and “Missed Story Syndrome” AJR (May 97)
  • “Gulf War illness linked to Iraqi germ weapons” Seattle Post-Intelligencer (11 Dec 96)
  • Special Oversight Board POC List [attached correspondence] (24 Jun 99)
  • “Additional Information”
  • Presidential Special Oversight for Department of Defense Investigations of Gulf War Chemical and Biological Incidents (16 Jun 99)
  • “Multi-disciplinary Pathophysiologic Studies of Neurotoxic Gulf War Related Syndromes Leading to Diagnosis and Treatment” 1999 Annual Report to Congress on Gulf War Veterans’ Illnesses –Appendix [2 copies]
  • ERZ to Dr. Sherman (16 Jul 97) [attached correspondence]
  • “Association of Low PON1 (Type A) Arylesterase Activity with Neurologic Symptom Complexes in Gulf War Veterans” Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology V.157 (1999) [attached documents and articles]
  • “New Findings from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Study on Gulf War Syndrome” (22 Jun 99)
  • Fax: Priscilla Barry to Debbie Simpson (8 Jun 99)
  • Vinh Cam to Warren Rudman (20 May 99)
  • ERZ to Mike Naylon (2 Apr 99) [attached correspondence and documents]
  • Fax: Mike Naylon to All Board Members (14 Jun 99) [attached document]
  • Notice of meeting of Presidential Special Oversight Board (27 May 99)
  • Fax: Sandra Robinson to Board members (17 Jun 99) [attached articles]
  • Fax: Maria Drake (for Dr. Robert Haley) to Erik (21 May 99) [attached articles]
  • Written transcript: Dr. Robert Haley’s Testimony: Presidential Special Oversight Board Meeting (22 Apr 99)
  • “$3 Million Study of Gulf War Illnesses Criticized” Washington Post Company (1997)
  • C.V. for William R. Brody [attached documents]
  • “A Sister on a ‘truth’ mission: Chemical exposure link to Gulf war veteran’s disease studied” Washington Times (18 Apr 99)

Pub Credit Line
6240000000, Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. Collection: Gulf War, The Vietnam Center and Archive, Texas Tech University

Added: 08 Mar 2002 [Updated: 01 May 2017]