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Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. Collection: Research Publications (629) Finding Aid

Item Number: 6290000000
 Collection

Scope and Contents

This series contains many health studies about the effects of herbicides. These studies have been prepared by the United States Air Force, Veteran's Administration, United States General Accounting Office, Department of Defense, Environmental Protection agency, and numerous other institutions and individuals.

Dates

  • 08 March 2002

Biographical / Historical

Biography: From the Naval Historical Center Website Elmo Russell Zumwalt, Jr., was born in San Francisco, California, on 29 November 1920, son of Dr. E. H. Zumwalt and Dr. Frances Zumwalt. He attended Tulare (California) Union High School, where he was an Eagle Scout and Class Valedictorian and the Rutherford Preparatory School, at Long Beach, California, before his appointment to the U. S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, from his native state in 1939. As a Midshipman, he was President of the Trident Society, Vice President of the Quarterback Society, twice winner of the June Week Public Speaking Contest (1940, 1941), Company Commander in 1941 and Regimental Three Striper in 1942, and participated in intercollegiate debating. Graduated with distinction and commissioned Ensign on 19 June 1942, with the Class of 1943, he subsequently progressed to the rank of Admiral, to date from 1 July 1970.

Following graduation from the Naval Academy in June 1942, he joined the destroyer USS Phelps, and in August 1943 was detached f or instruction in the Operational Training Command, Pacific, at San Francisco, California. In January 1944, he reported on board the USS Robinson, and for "heroic service as Evaluator in the Combat Information Center... (of that destroyer), in action against enemy Japanese battleships during the Battle for Leyte Gulf, 25 October 1944." he was awarded the Bronze Star with Combat "V." The citation further states: "During a torpedo attack on enemy battleships, Lieutenant Zumwalt furnished information indispensable to the success of the attack..."

After the cessation of hostilities in August 1945, until December 8th of that year, he commanded (as prize crew officer) HIMJS Ataka, a 1200-ton Japanese river gunboat with two hundred officers and men. In that capacity, he took the first ship since the outbreak of World War II, flying the United States flag, up the Whangpoo River to Shanghai. There they helped to restore order and assisted in disarming the Japanese.

He next served as Executive Officer of the destroyer USS Saufley, and in March 1946 was transferred to the destroyer USS Zellars, as Executive Officer and Navigator. In January 1948, he was assigned to the Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps Unit of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he remained until June 1950. That month he assumed command of USS Tills, in commission in reserve status. That destroyer escort was placed in full active commission at Charleston Naval Shipyard on 21 November 1950, and he continued to command her until March 1951, when he joined the battleship USS Wisconsin as Navigator.

"For meritorious service as Navigator of USS Wisconsin during combat operations against enemy North Korean and Chinese Communist forces in the Korean Theater from 23 November 1951 to 30 March 1952..." he received a Letter of Commendation, with Ribbon and Combat "V," from Commander Seventh Fleet. The letter continues: "As Navigator his competence and untiring diligence in assuring safe navigation of the ship enabled the commanding officer to devote the greater part of his attention to planning and gunfire Operations. His performance of duty was consistently Superior in bringing the ship through dangerously mined and restricted waters, frequently under adverse conditions and poor visibility. He assisted in the planning of the combat operations... (and) piloted Wisconsin into the closest possible inshore positions in which maximum effect could be obtained by gunfire..."

Detached from USS Wisconsin in June 1952, he attended the Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island, and in June 1953 reported as Head of the Shore and Overseas Bases Section, Bureau of Naval Personnel, Navy Department, Washington, D. C. He also served as Officer and Enlisted Requirements Officer and as Action Officer on Medicare Legislation. Completing that tour of duty in July 1955, he assumed command of the destroyer USS Arnold J. Isbell, participating in two deployments to the Seventh Fleet. In this assignment, he was commended by the Commander, Cruiser-Destroyer Forces, U. S. Pacific Fleet for winning the Battle Efficiency Competition for his ship and for winning Excellence Awards in Engineering, Gunnery, Antisubmarine Warfare, and Operations. In July 1957, he returned to the Bureau of Naval Personnel for further duty. In December 1957, he was transferred to the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Personnel and Reserve Forces), and served as Special Assistant for Naval Personnel until November 1958, then as Special Assistant and Naval Aide until August 1959.

Ordered to the first ship built from the keel up as a guided missile ship, USS Dewey (DLG-14), building at the Bath (Maine) Iron Works, he assumed command of that guided missile frigate at her commissioning in December 1959, and commanded her until June 1961. During this period of his command, Dewey earned the Excellence Award in Engineering, Supply, Weapons, and was runner-up in the Battle Efficiency Competition. He was a student at the National War College, Washington, D. C., during the 1961-1962 class year. In June, he was assigned to the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs), Washington, D. C., where he served first as Desk Officer for France, Spain and Portugal, then as Director of Arms Control and Contingency Planning for Cuba. From December 1963 until 21 June 1965 he served as Executive Assistant and Senior Aide to the Honorable Paul H. Nitze, Secretary of the Navy. For duty in his tour in the offices of the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of the Navy, he was awarded the Legion of Merit.

After his selection for the rank of Rear Admiral, he assumed command in July 1965 of Cruiser-Destroyer Flotilla Seven. "For exceptionally meritorious service..." in that capacity, he was awarded a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Legion of Merit. In August 1966, he became Director of the Chief of Naval Operations Systems Analysis Group, Washington, D. C., and for "exceptionally meritorious service... as Director, Systems Analysis Division, Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, Deputy Scientific Officer to the Center for Naval Analyses, during the period from August 1966 to August 1968..." he was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal. The citation further states in part: "Rear Admiral Zumwalt, by direction of the Chief of Naval Operations, established the Systems Analysis Division and rapidly developed it into a highly effective, responsive organization. Under his leadership, the division has assisted in generating within the Navy a better understanding of requirements, problems and a more effective presentation of those requirements in major program areas which will strongly influence the combat capabilities of U. S. Naval Forces through the next generation. (He) has displayed exceptional acumen, integrity, tact and diplomacy as personal representative of the Chief of Naval Operations, not only in dealings within the Department of Defense, but also in testifying before Congressional Committees. Among the major analyses completed under his direct supervision were the major Fleet Escort, Antisubmarine Warfare Force Level, Tactical Air, Surface-to-Surface Missile, and War-at-Sea Studies. Additionally, under Rear Admiral Zumwalt's guidance, the Center for Naval Analyses has been restructured, and its methodologies clearly defined with such precision as to ensure that completed studies will reflect thoroughness, comprehensiveness and accuracy when subjected to closest scrutiny..."

In September 1968, he became Commander Naval Forces, Vietnam and Chief of the Naval Advisory Group, U. S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam. President Richard M. Nixon nominated him as Chief of Naval Operations on 14 April 1970. Upon being relieved as Commander Naval Forces, Vietnam, on 15 May 1970, he was awarded a Gold Star in lieu of a second Distinguished Service Medal for exceptionally meritorious service. He assumed command as Chief of Naval Operations on 1 July 1970 and retired from that position on 1 July 1974. In 1976, he unsuccessfully ran as a Democratic candidate for the Senate from Virginia. Later he held the presidency of the American Medical Building Corporation in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Admiral Zumwalt died on 2 January 2000 at the Duke University Medical Center in Durham, NC. His home was in Arlington, Virginia. He was married to the former Mouza Coutelais-du-Roche of Harbin, Manchuria, and they had two sons, Elmo R. Zumwalt III, who died of cancer in 1988, and James Gregory Zumwalt, and two daughters, Ann F. Zumwalt Coppola and Mouza C. Zumwalt-Weathers. He was also survived by six grandchildren.
Title
Finding Aid
Length (Linear Feet)
4.0
Pages
1
Location(s)
D108.4C

Inventory

  • Second International Seapower Symposium, 1-5 November 1971 by US Naval War College
  • Herbicides in War: The Long-Term Effects on Man and Nature; 2nd International Symposium, 15-18 November 1993
  • Herbicides in War: The Long-Term Effects on Man and Nature; 2nd International Symposium, 15-18 November 1993, Abstract Book
  • Air Force Health Study: An Epidemiologic Investigation of Health Effects in Air Force Personnel Following Exposure to Herbicides. Reproductive Outcomes by Epidemiologic Research Division, Armstrong Laboratory, Human Systems Center (AFMC). Brooks Air Force Base, TX 78235
  • Air Force Health Study: An Epidemiologic Investigation of Health Effects in Air Force Personnel Following Exposure to Herbicides. March 1991 Volume IX by Epidemiology Research Division, Armstrong Laboratory, Human Systems Division (AFSC). Brooks Air Force Base, TX 78235
  • Air Force Health Study: An Epidemiologic Investigation of Health Effects in Air Force Personnel by Epidemiology Research Division, Armstrong Laboratory, Human Following Exposure to Herbicides. March 1991 Volume VI Systems Division (AFSC). Brooks Air Force Base, TX 78235
  • Air Force Health Study: An Epidemiologic Investigation of Health Effects in Air Force Personnel Following Exposure to Herbicides. March 1991 Volume V by Epidemiology Research Division, Armstrong Laboratory, Human Systems Division (AFSC). Brooks Air Force Base, TX 78235
  • Air Force Health Study: An Epidemiologic Investigation of Health Effects in Air Force Personnel Following Exposure to Herbicides. March 1991 Volume III by Epidemiology Research Division, Armstrong Laboratory, Human Systems Division (AFSC). Brooks Air Force Base, TX 78235
  • Air Force Health Study: An Epidemiologic Investigation of Health Effects in Air Force Personnel Following Exposure to Herbicides. March 1991 Volume VII by Epidemiology Research Division, Armstrong Laboratory, Human Systems Division (AFSC). Brooks Air Force Base, TX 78235
  • Air Force Health Study: An Epidemiologic Investigation of Health Effects in Air Force Personnel Following Exposure to Herbicides. March 1991 Volume I by Epidemiology Research Division, Armstrong Laboratory, Human Systems Division (AFSC). Brooks Air Force Base, TX 78235
  • Air Force Health Study: An Epidemiologic Investigation of Health Effects in Air Force Personnel Following Exposure to Herbicides. March 1991 Volume IV by Epidemiology Research Division, Armstrong Laboratory, Human Systems Division (AFSC). Brooks Air Force Base, TX 78235
  • Air Force Health Study: An Epidemiologic Investigation of Health Effects in Air Force Personnel Following Exposure to Herbicides. Reproductive Outcomes, 31 August 1992 by Epidemiology Research Division, Armstrong Laboratory, Human Systems Division (AFSC). Brooks Air Force Base, TX 78235
  • VETERANS ADMINISTRATION, Department of Medicine and Surgery (Series): Review of Literature on Herbicides, Including Phenoxy Herbicides and Associated Dioxins Volume IV: Annotated Bibliography of Recent Literature on Health Effects by Clement Associates, Inc; 1515 Wilson Boulevard; Arlington, irginia 22209
  • VETERANS ADMINISTRATION, Department of Medicine and Surgery (Series): Review of Literature on Herbicides, Including Phenoxy Herbicides and Associated Dioxins Volume III: Analysis of Recent Literature on Health Effects by Clement Associates, Inc; 1515 Wilson Boulevard; Arlington, Virginia 22209
  • VETERANS ADMINISTRATION, Department of Medicine and Surgery (Series): Review of Literature on Herbicides, Including Phenoxy Herbicides and Associated Dioxins Volume II: Annotated Bibliography by Clement Associates, Inc; 1515 Wilson Boulevard; Arlington, Virginia 22209
  • Air Force Health Study: An Epidemiologic Investigation of Health Effects in Air Force Personnel Following Exposure to Herbicides. March 1991 Volume II by Epidemiology Research Division, Armstrong Laboratory, Human Systems Division (AFSC). Brooks Air Force Base, TX 78235
  • Review of Literature on Herbicides, Including Phenoxy Herbicides and Associated Dioxins, Volume VII: Analysis of Recent Literature on Health Effects and Volume VIII: Annotated Bibliography of Recent Literature on Health Effects by Clement Associates, Inc; 1850 K Street, NW Suite 450, Washington, DC 20006
  • Review of Literature on Herbicides, Including Phenoxy Herbicides and Associated Dioxins, Volume VI: Annotated Bibliography of Recent Literature on Health Effects by Clement Associates, Inc.; 1515 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22209
  • Review of Literature on Herbicides, Including Phenoxy Herbicides and Associated Dioxins, Volume V: Analysis of Recent Literature on Health Effects by Clement Associates, Inc; 1515 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22209
  • Review of Literature on Herbicides, Including Phenoxy Herbicides and Associated Dioxins, Volume XI: Analysis of Recent Literature on Health Effects and Volume XII: Annotated Bibliography of Recent Literature on Health Effects by Clement Associates, Inc; 9300 Lee Highway, Fairfax, Virginia, 22031
  • Review of Literature on Herbicides, Including Phenoxy Herbicides and Associated Dioxins, Volume IX: Analysis of Recent Literature on Health Effects and Volume X: Annotated Bibliography of Recent Literature on Health Effects by Clement Associates, Inc; Suite 450, 1850 K Street, NW, Washington, DC 20006
  • Review of Literature on Herbicides, Including Phenoxy Herbicides and Associated Dioxins, Volume XIII: Analysis of Recent Literature on Health Effects and Volume XIV: Annotated Bibliography of Recent Literature on Health Effects by Clement Associates, Inc; 9300 Lee Highway, Fairfax, Virginia, 22031
  • Report on Activities and Programs for Countering Proliferation and NBC Terrorism, May 1997
  • Environmental Research: A Journal of Environmental Medicine and the Environmental Sciences, Volume 47, Number 2, December 1988 by Editor-In-Chief: Philip J. Landrigan
  • UNITED STATES GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE (GAO). Report to the Chairmen and Ranking Minority Members of the Senate Committee on Armed Services and the House Committee on National Security GULF WAR ILLNESSES Improved Monitoring of Clinical Progress and Reexamination of Research Emphasis Are Needed GAO/NSIAD-97-163. June 1997 by United States General Accounting ffice
  • Proliferation: Threat and Response, November 1997 by Office of the Secretary of Defense
  • Herbicides In War: The Long-Term Effects on Man and Nature, 2nd International Symposium 15-18 November 1993
  • Military Use of Drugs Not Yet Approved by the FDA for CW/BW Defense: Lessons from the Gulf War by Richard A. Rettig
  • Department of Defense Nuclear/Biological/Chemical (NBC) Defense Annual Report to Congress, March 1997 by Department of Defense
  • Air Force Health Study: An Epidemiologic Investigation of Health Effects in Air Force Personnel Following Exposure to Herbicides, March 1991, Volume VIII by Epidemiology Research Division, Armstrong Laboratory, Human Systems Division (AFSC). Brooks Air Force Base, TX 78235
  • Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center Scientific Report: 1990-1992 by The Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
  • Strategic Review, Fall 1995
  • United States Strategic Institute
  • A Review of the Scientific Literature As It Pertains to Gulf War Illnesses, Volume 7: Depleted Uranium by National Defense Research Institute
  • Radiation Injury and the Chernobyl Catastrophe by International Consortium for Research on the Health Effects of Radiation
  • Human Exposure to Phenoxy Herbicides, May 1987 by Veterans Administration central Office, Department of Medicine and Surgery, Agent Orange Projects Office, Washington, DC 20420
  • Herbicides in War: The Long-Term Effects on Man and Nature, 2nd International Symposium 15-18 November 1993
  • The Admiral Nimitz Center Development Plan
  • National Study of Chemical Residues in Fish, Volume II, September 1992 by EPA
  • National Study of Chemical Residues in Fish, Volume I, September 1992 by EPA
  • 11th International Symposium on Chlorinated Dioxins and Related Compounds: Abstracts of the Symposium Speakers, Poster Discussions, Poster Presentations, September 23-17, 1991 by Chemical Industry Institute of Toxicology
  • Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam by Institute of Medicine
  • Transcript of Deposition testimony of Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. taken on Friday, November 13, 1992 in the cases of Odis Beech and Lurvia Beech vs. Leaf River Forest Products, Inc., Et At. And Wilson Williams and Ernestine B. Williams vs. Leaf River Forest Products, Inc. by Bossard Associates, Inc.
  • 1998 Department of the Navy Posture Statement
  • 1998 Department of the Navy Posture Statement
  • Granite Sea: Navigating the United States Navy by Thomas Coldwell Memorial and Visitors Center
  • On His Watch: Admiral Zumwalt’s Efforts To Institutionalize Strategic Change by Jeffrey I. Sands, Center for Naval Analyses
  • Federal Register, Part II: Environmental Protection Agency, December 17, 1993
  • The Navy in Vietnam
  • Vietnam 10 Years Later: What have we learned? by Defense Information School
  • A Short History of the United States Navy and the Southeast Asian Conflict 1950-1975 by Naval Historical Center, Dept. of the Navy 1984
  • International Security, summer 1977, Vol. 2, No. 1
  • Seapower’79 Australia and Seapower, First National Seminar, 2-3 February 1979 Seminar Papers by Australian Naval Institute
  • Soviet Policy and International Tension by Myron Rush, Research Institute on Communist Affairs
  • The fall of Khrushchev by Seweryn Bialer, Zbigniew Brzezinski and Richard Lowenthal, Research Institute on Communist Affairs
  • How Russians Rule Russia by Seweryn Bialer, Research Institute on Communist Affairs
  • Neurotoxicity: Identifying and Controlling Poisons of the Nervous System by Congress of the United States, Office of Technology Assessment
  • National Journal, July 31, 1971, Vol. 3, Number 31
  • National Geographic, Four Ocean Navy in the Nuclear Age, Feb 1965 by Thomas W. McKnew
  • United States Naval Institute Proceedings Reprint, 1960: The Development of Nuclear Propulsion in the Navy by Captain Carl O. Holmquist and Russell S. Greenbaum
  • Navy Recruiter: You can study black history or you can go out and make it. February 1971
  • A Select Bibliography of the United States Navy and the Southeast Asian Conflict 1950-1975, November 1983 by Edward J. Marolda and G. Wesley Pryce, III
  • Ninth World Media Conference: Media Responsibility in a Divided World. September 20-24, 1987 by World Media Association
  • The Challenge of Change and Conflict in American Society, 1975 by League for Industrial Democracy
  • 1987-1988 Information Moscow Western Edition: International Guide to East-West Trade and Travel: USSR, USA, Canada, W.Europe, Japan by US Information Moscow
  • Grand Strategy for the 1980’s by Bruce K. Holloway, Theodore R. Milton, Bruce Palmer, Jr., Maxwell D. Taylor, Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr.
  • Vietnam Veterans’ Risks for Fathering Babies with Birth Defects by US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control
  • Power Projection: A Net Assessment of US and Soviet Capabilities by W. Scott Thompson
  • Naval War College Review, May-June 1975
  • Law Digest For Foreign Investors, September 1992 by Romanian Development Agency
  • Women in the Navy: The Past, The Present, and the Future, March 1994 by Center for Naval Analyses
  • Soviet Military Doctrine: Continuity, Formulation, and Dissemination by Harriet Fast Scott, William F. Scott
  • Destroyerman, September 1960
  • Annual Report by the Navy in the Rhode Island Area 1971
  • Strategy for Peace: 12th Conference Report, September 30-October 3, 1971 by The Stanley Foundation
  • A Reprint from Foreign Policy: America Down, Russia Up: The Changing Political Role of Military Power by Andrew J. Pierre
  • NAVSHIPS: Course and Speed; Third Quarterly Report FY 1971-72 by Department of the Navy Naval Ship Engineering Center

Pub Credit Line
6290000000, Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. Collection: Research Publications, The Vietnam Center and Archive, Texas Tech University

Added: 08 Mar 2002 [Updated: 02 May 2017]